Household income averaged Rs.39,786 in September 2015 quarter

Expenses averaged Rs.25,574 and savings averaged Rs.14,212.

by Mahesh Vyas

During the quarter ended September 2015, the average income of an Indian household was Rs.39,786. This translates into an average monthly income of Rs.13,262. Extrapolating these findings from the Consumer Pyramids survey, we may deduce that the average annual income of Indian households is a little short of Rs.160,000.

A household could have multiple earning members. Members could earn income in the form of wages for labour, or in the form of interest or dividends on capital, or in the form of rents. Income also includes profits from family businesses. And, it also includes transfers that households receive from family members working elsewhere. Although the share is small, income also includes value of agricultural goods produced for self-consumption.

This is the post-tax income reported by households. It is the income that was available to them to make expenses for consumption or for savings.

The average consumption expenses of the Indian household was Rs.25,574 during the quarter. This translates into an expenditure of Rs.8,524 per month on consumption items. Consumption expenses includes all expenses on food and non-food goods and services. It includes expenses on food, clothing, cosmetics, fuel and power, transport, rents, education, health, appliances, EMIs and other miscellaneous expenses.

Total consumption expenses are computed based on responses received from households on their expenses on 119 expenditure heads. Similarly, total household income is computed from the income that a household reports on each account such as wages, interest, dividends, rent, etc.

While the total annual income worked out to about Rs.160,000, the total annual expenses works out to a little over Rs.100,000. Implicitly, households are, on an average, left with a surplus of Rs.60,000 in a year. The detailed responses from households show that the Indian households saved, on an average Rs.4,737 per month, ie nearly Rs.5,000 a month.

Consumption expenses include those on appliances, such as kitchen or households appliances or even mobile phone and mobile phone accessories. And, consumption expenses also include the servicing of household loans. Thus, the expenditure schedule includes expenses required for the deferred payments for purchase of capital goods as well, although it does not include the entire expenditure on the capital goods itself.

CMIE STATISTICS
Unemployment Rate (30-DAY MVG. AVG.)
Per cent
6.8 +1.3
Consumer Sentiments Index
Base September-December 2015
50.0 0.0
Consumer Expectations Index
Base September-December 2015
51.9 0.0
Current Economic Conditions Index
Base September-December 2015
47.1 0.0
Quarterly CapEx Aggregates
(Rs.trillion) Dec 19 Mar 20 Jun 20 Sep 20
New projects 5.55 3.95 0.71 0.68
Completed projects 1.66 1.75 0.24 0.64
Stalled projects 0.61 0.77 0.11 0.08
Revived projects 0.83 0.42 0.68 0.34
Implementation stalled projects 0.13 9.78 0.09 0.03
Updated on: 21 Oct 2020 8:28PM
Quarterly Financials of Listed Companies
(% change) Dec 19 Mar 20 Jun 20 Sep 20
All listed Companies
 Income -1.7 -4.9 -27.9 4.1
 Expenses -2.2 -1.8 -28.3 1.2
 Net profit -10.8 -47.3 -38.4 9.0
 PAT margin (%) 5.1 2.4 5.5 17.5
 Count of Cos. 4,435 4,264 4,155 138
Non-financial Companies
 Income -5.5 -8.9 -38.0 3.6
 Expenses -6.4 -4.9 -38.2 -0.5
 Net profit -13.9 -48.2 -57.2 10.8
 PAT margin (%) 5.7 3.4 4.4 18.1
 Net fixed assets 13.3 31.9
 Current assets 3.0 4.2
 Current liabilities 4.9 -1.2
 Borrowings 14.7 14.8
 Reserves & surplus 2.1 18.6
 Count of Cos. 3,311 3,216 3,134 101
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 21 Oct 2020 8:28PM
Annual Financials of All Companies
(% change) FY18 FY19 FY20
All Companies
 Income 8.4 13.3 0.6
 Expenses 9.9 13.5 1.2
 Net profit -40.4 22.3 -19.0
 PAT margin (%) 2.0 2.4 4.4
 Assets 10.9 9.3 9.4
 Net worth 7.5 8.6 5.0
 RONW (%) 3.5 4.3 6.1
 Count of Cos. 27,922 27,039 4,480
Non-financial Companies
 Income 8.6 13.8 -2.8
 Expenses 8.8 14.0 -1.6
 Net profit -9.0 23.5 -28.4
 PAT margin (%) 2.7 3.2 4.7
 Net fixed assets 7.2 5.4 13.8
 Net worth 6.1 8.5 1.9
 RONW (%) 5.7 6.9 7.6
 Debt / Equity (times) 1.0 0.9 0.7
 Interest cover (times) 2.1 2.4 2.9
 Net working capital cycle (days) 77 70 56
 Count of Cos. 22,629 21,863 3,354
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 20 Oct 2020 9:02AM