Household income averaged Rs.39,786 in September 2015 quarter

Expenses averaged Rs.25,574 and savings averaged Rs.14,212.

by Mahesh Vyas

During the quarter ended September 2015, the average income of an Indian household was Rs.39,786. This translates into an average monthly income of Rs.13,262. Extrapolating these findings from the Consumer Pyramids survey, we may deduce that the average annual income of Indian households is a little short of Rs.160,000.

A household could have multiple earning members. Members could earn income in the form of wages for labour, or in the form of interest or dividends on capital, or in the form of rents. Income also includes profits from family businesses. And, it also includes transfers that households receive from family members working elsewhere. Although the share is small, income also includes value of agricultural goods produced for self-consumption.

This is the post-tax income reported by households. It is the income that was available to them to make expenses for consumption or for savings.

The average consumption expenses of the Indian household was Rs.25,574 during the quarter. This translates into an expenditure of Rs.8,524 per month on consumption items. Consumption expenses includes all expenses on food and non-food goods and services. It includes expenses on food, clothing, cosmetics, fuel and power, transport, rents, education, health, appliances, EMIs and other miscellaneous expenses.

Total consumption expenses are computed based on responses received from households on their expenses on 119 expenditure heads. Similarly, total household income is computed from the income that a household reports on each account such as wages, interest, dividends, rent, etc.

While the total annual income worked out to about Rs.160,000, the total annual expenses works out to a little over Rs.100,000. Implicitly, households are, on an average, left with a surplus of Rs.60,000 in a year. The detailed responses from households show that the Indian households saved, on an average Rs.4,737 per month, ie nearly Rs.5,000 a month.

Consumption expenses include those on appliances, such as kitchen or households appliances or even mobile phone and mobile phone accessories. And, consumption expenses also include the servicing of household loans. Thus, the expenditure schedule includes expenses required for the deferred payments for purchase of capital goods as well, although it does not include the entire expenditure on the capital goods itself.

CMIE STATISTICS
Unemployment Rate (30-DAY MVG. AVG.)
Per cent
8.0 +1.3
Consumer Sentiments Index
Base September-December 2015
68.4 +0.8
Consumer Expectations Index
Base September-December 2015
67.6 +0.9
Current Economic Conditions Index
Base September-December 2015
69.7 +0.7
Quarterly CapEx Aggregates
(Rs.trillion) Jun 21 Sep 21 Dec 21 Mar 22
New projects 2.94 3.26 3.53 5.91
Completed projects 0.71 1.28 2.76 1.15
Stalled projects 0.33 0.28 0.06 0.30
Revived projects 1.14 0.39 2.07 0.28
Implementation stalled projects 0.64 0.26 0.65 0.07
Updated on: 25 Jun 2022 8:28PM
Quarterly Financials of Listed Companies
(% change) Jun 21 Sep 21 Dec 21 Mar 22
All listed Companies
 Income 42.3 27.5 23.4 21.6
 Expenses 41.8 26.7 21.3 20.5
 Net profit 140.6 55.3 35.4 32.8
 PAT margin (%) 8.9 9.6 9.0 9.1
 Count of Cos. 4,564 4,690 4,733 4,508
Non-financial Companies
 Income 61.1 35.7 29.1 25.9
 Expenses 62.4 36.0 28.8 26.6
 Net profit 195.2 59.5 19.0 12.9
 PAT margin (%) 8.4 8.8 7.5 7.9
 Net fixed assets 4.9 2.2
 Current assets 10.8 15.3
 Current liabilities 0.8 11.7
 Borrowings 12.1 3.7
 Reserves & surplus 12.4 11.5
 Count of Cos. 3,336 3,387 3,428 3,280
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 25 Jun 2022 8:28PM
Annual Financials of All Companies
(% change) FY20 FY21 FY22
All Companies
 Income 0.6 -1.1 13.6
 Expenses 0.4 -3.4 10.5
 Net profit -4.4 72.2 58.0
 PAT margin (%) 2.0 4.5 10.9
 Assets 9.0 9.7 9.3
 Net worth 4.8 11.7 9.9
 RONW (%) 3.4 6.9 13.5
 Count of Cos. 32,455 29,998 539
Non-financial Companies
 Income -1.2 -2.3 26.3
 Expenses -1.0 -4.4 25.6
 Net profit -20.8 63.5 42.2
 PAT margin (%) 2.2 4.2 13.8
 Net fixed assets 11.2 2.0 -1.9
 Net worth 2.2 10.7 11.2
 RONW (%) 4.7 8.0 22.6
 Debt / Equity (times) 1.2 1.0 0.3
 Interest cover (times) 1.9 2.5 10.3
 Net working capital cycle (days) 81 85 16
 Count of Cos. 25,743 23,675 386
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 20 Jun 2022 11:46AM