IMF advises India to adopt Universal Basic Income

Expects elimination of food and fuel subsidies

by Arjit Singh Bhambra

The IMF, in its report Fiscal Monitor, has suggested that India should adopt a fiscally neutral universal basic income and eliminate the food and fuel subsidies.The fund has proposed a transfer of Rs.2,600 (in 2011-12 prices) to every Indian’s account. It believes that the concept, if implemented, will provide a better alternative to the existing inefficient and inequitable state subsidies by increasing the coverage of lower income groups by 20 per cent. However, eliminating energy tax subsidies will substantially increase the fuel taxes and retail fuel prices for petrol (67 per cent), diesel (69 per cent), kerosene (10 per cent), LPG (94 per cent), and coal (455 per cent). The IMF has also cautioned against the prevailing weakness in Indian banks and highly leveraged corporate sector which makes the country vulnerable to a tightening in global financial conditions.

References
1. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/finance/india-could-provide-universal-basic-income-of-rs-2600-a-year-imf/articleshow/61044592.cms
2. http://www.livemint.com/Politics/84BvOY2cNh282ZYfNB1fKI/IMF-backs-UBI-serves-up-a-political-opportunity-for-NDA.html
3. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/indicators/weak-banks-and-corporates-leave-india-vulnerable-imf/articleshow/61040305.cms
CMIE STATISTICS
Unemployment Rate
Per cent
5.9 -0.1
Consumer Sentiments Index
Base September-December 2015
96.0 +0.2
Consumer Expectations Index
Base September-December 2015
96.5 +0.3
Current Economic Conditions Index
Base September-December 2015
95.0 0.0
Quarterly CapeEx Aggregates
(Rs.trillion) Jun 17 Sep 17 Dec 17 Mar 18
New projects 2.50 1.23 1.34 2.78
Completed projects 0.87 1.24 1.11 1.35
Stalled projects 2.68 0.69 0.88 3.41
Revived projects 0.23 0.34 0.22 0.24
Implementation stalled projects 0.76 0.78 0.71 1.05
Updated on: 19 Jun 2018 8:20PM
Quarterly Financials of Listed Companies
(% change) Jun 17 Sep 17 Dec 17 Mar 18
All listed Companies
 Income 9.6 7.9 11.9 10.7
 Expenses 9.9 9.0 13.0 17.3
 Net profit -19.8 -18.0 -14.3 -78.4
 PAT margin (%) 5.3 5.5 4.8 1.4
 Count of Cos. 4,512 4,498 4,486 4,225
Non-financial Companies
 Income 10.2 8.2 13.3 12.4
 Expenses 10.5 8.1 12.3 13.0
 Net profit -25.1 -6.0 13.1 1.4
 PAT margin (%) 5.2 6.2 6.4 6.8
 Net fixed assets 9.2 11.9
 Current assets 78.6 8.4
 Current liabilities 11.0 10.7
 Borrowings 10.4 1.4
 Reserves & surplus 5.2 8.1
 Count of Cos. 3,480 3,467 3,469 3,275
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 19 Jun 2018 8:21PM
Annual Financials of All Companies
(% change) FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18
All Companies
 Income 5.6 1.8 5.6 5.5
 Expenses 5.7 1.9 5.6 6.2
 Net profit 0.0 -10.0 26.3 0.9
 PAT margin (%) 3.0 2.8 3.5 12.0
 Assets 9.5 10.1 7.2 18.5
 Net worth 8.5 11.3 6.8 5.4
 RONW (%) 5.8 4.9 5.9 13.6
 Count of Cos. 25,852 24,013 21,375 64
Non-financial Companies
 Income 4.8 1.0 5.4 4.0
 Expenses 5.0 0.3 5.7 1.6
 Net profit -8.2 19.2 21.2 18.3
 PAT margin (%) 2.0 2.4 3.0 16.5
 Net fixed assets 13.3 17.2 6.2 5.2
 Net worth 6.9 12.0 5.5 -2.4
 RONW (%) 4.6 5.1 6.1 21.6
 Debt / Equity (times) 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.1
 Interest cover (times) 1.9 1.9 2.1 34.4
 Net working capital cycle (days) 66 65 62 43
 Count of Cos. 21,088 20,114 17,854 48
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 04 Jun 2018 11:54AM