RBI expects inflation to range between 4.3-4.7% in Q3 and Q4 of FY18

Marginally higher than estimate in October statement

by Janaki Samant

In its Fifth Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement, RBI expects inflation to be in the range of 4.3-4.7 per cent in the December 2017 and March 2018 quarter. This is marginally higher than the inflation projection of 4.2-4.6 per cent made in the Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement announced in October. The expectation includes the impact of an increase in house rent allowance (HRA) by the Centre which is estimated to be up to 35 basis points.

The RBI has highlighted various factors that are likely to have an impact on inflation.

  • Inflation excluding food and fuel has started rising after easing in the June quarter. It is likely to rise further in the coming quarters.
  • The impact of the rise in HRA is expected to peak in December. Housing inflation can rise further in 2018 driven by increase in HRA by state governments.
  • International crude oil prices might continue to rise as OPEC has decided to maintain production cuts in 2018.
  • Prices of vegetables might record some seasonal moderation in the near term.
  • The GST Council shifted various retail goods and services to the lower tax bracket. This should reflect in lower retail prices in the near future.

References
1. https://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/PressRelease/PDFs/PR154282904D281FD54EF08343C906F501BEE5.PDF
CMIE STATISTICS
Unemployment Rate
Per cent
4.6 -0.0
Consumer Sentiments Index
Base September-December 2015
95.8 -0.2
Consumer Expectations Index
Base September-December 2015
94.8 -0.3
Current Economic Conditions Index
Base September-December 2015
97.3 0.0
Quarterly CapeEx Aggregates
(Rs.trillion) Dec 16 Mar 17 Jun 17 Sep 17
New projects 2.33 3.82 2.07 1.04
Completed projects 1.01 1.94 1.16 1.00
Stalled projects 1.13 0.73 2.67 0.67
Revived projects 0.18 0.67 0.30 0.29
Implementation stalled projects 0.83 0.33 0.68 0.62
Updated on: 12 Dec 2017 4:20PM
Quarterly Financials of Listed Companies
(% change) Dec 16 Mar 17 Jun 17 Sep 17
All listed Companies
 Income 6.2 10.2 9.8 8.4
 Expenses 6.3 11.9 10.0 9.7
 Net profit 40.2 16.0 -19.6 -17.7
 PAT margin (%) 6.0 6.0 5.3 5.8
 Count of Cos. 4,509 4,444 4,318 3,364
Non-financial Companies
 Income 5.9 11.8 10.4 8.4
 Expenses 7.2 15.6 10.6 8.4
 Net profit 24.5 -2.3 -25.0 -5.0
 PAT margin (%) 6.2 6.2 5.2 6.6
 Net fixed assets 6.9 9.5
 Current assets 2.6 2.4
 Current liabilities 8.8 10.4
 Borrowings 4.8 3.3
 Reserves & surplus 6.3 8.0
 Count of Cos. 3,484 3,440 3,352 2,533
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 12 Dec 2017 4:20PM
Annual Financials of All Companies
(% change) FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
All Companies
 Income 10.0 5.2 1.1 6.7
 Expenses 9.9 5.2 1.2 6.9
 Net profit -2.3 1.4 -13.1 20.6
 PAT margin (%) 3.2 3.2 2.9 6.4
 Assets 12.3 9.4 9.7 8.6
 Net worth 9.6 8.7 10.6 7.9
 RONW (%) 6.2 6.1 5.1 9.2
 Count of Cos. 24,045 23,818 20,791 4,756
Non-financial Companies
 Income 9.7 4.3 0.1 6.7
 Expenses 9.3 4.5 -0.6 7.5
 Net profit -2.7 -5.8 11.6 14.6
 PAT margin (%) 2.2 2.1 2.6 6.3
 Net fixed assets 11.6 13.3 15.5 7.3
 Net worth 8.1 7.1 11.0 6.3
 RONW (%) 5.1 4.9 5.4 10.3
 Debt / Equity (times) 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.7
 Interest cover (times) 2.0 1.9 2.0 3.4
 Net working capital cycle (days) 69 67 66 49
 Count of Cos. 19,288 19,270 17,281 3,624
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 04 Dec 2017 11:59AM

Data added for HPI at Assessment prices and HPI at Market prices