Govt depends on expenditure rationalisation to rein in fiscal deficit to 3.4% of GDP in FY18

Rs.500 bln allocation to FCI reclassified as way and means advance

by Nidhi Bhati

The central government has managed to rein in fiscal deficit at 3.4 per cent of GDP in 2017-18, lower than the revised estimates (RE) of 3.5 per cent owing to expenditure rationalisation, as per a report in Business Standard. With the RBI transferring Rs.100 billion in surplus to the Centre and the Food Corporation of India (FCI) returning Rs.500 billion to the ministry of finance, the fiscal deficit was brought down in March 2018, according to a government official [see here]. The Rs.500 billion allocation to the FCI was initially classified as capital expenditure. But, later it was reclassified to a ‘way and means advance’ which needs to be returned within a financial year. Hence, the expenditure at the end of March 2018 will show a reduction by a similar amount. Additionally, the ministry of finance expects Rs.200-300 billion in unspent allocations being returned by various central government departments.

References
1. http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/reclassification-helps-govt-rein-in-fiscal-deficit-to-3-4-of-gdp-in-fy18-118041400849_1.html
CMIE STATISTICS
Unemployment Rate
Per cent
5.5 +0.1
Consumer Sentiments Index
Base September-December 2015
96.1 +0.6
Consumer Expectations Index
Base September-December 2015
96.5 +0.6
Current Economic Conditions Index
Base September-December 2015
95.5 +0.5
Quarterly CapeEx Aggregates
(Rs.trillion) Sep 17 Dec 17 Mar 18 Jun 18
New projects 1.26 1.49 3.43 2.27
Completed projects 1.25 1.16 1.43 0.82
Stalled projects 0.69 0.88 3.41 0.30
Revived projects 0.34 0.24 0.26 0.22
Implementation stalled projects 0.78 0.71 1.92 0.03
Updated on: 22 Jul 2018 8:20PM
Quarterly Financials of Listed Companies
(% change) Sep 17 Dec 17 Mar 18 Jun 18
All listed Companies
 Income 7.9 12.0 10.0 18.9
 Expenses 9.0 13.0 16.8 20.7
 Net profit -18.0 -14.3 -82.1 11.9
 PAT margin (%) 5.5 4.8 1.2 14.9
 Count of Cos. 4,502 4,493 4,288 134
Non-financial Companies
 Income 8.2 13.3 11.5 18.6
 Expenses 8.1 12.3 12.4 21.4
 Net profit -6.1 13.2 -2.6 7.5
 PAT margin (%) 6.2 6.4 6.5 14.4
 Net fixed assets 9.2 11.9
 Current assets 2.9 8.0
 Current liabilities 11.0 10.3
 Borrowings 3.4 1.8
 Reserves & surplus 7.9 7.8
 Count of Cos. 3,461 3,464 3,319 99
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 22 Jul 2018 8:20PM
Annual Financials of All Companies
(% change) FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18
All Companies
 Income 5.6 1.8 5.9 11.6
 Expenses 5.7 1.9 5.9 16.1
 Net profit 0.1 -9.7 25.3 -43.1
 PAT margin (%) 3.0 2.8 3.4 4.3
 Assets 9.5 10.2 7.4 14.3
 Net worth 8.5 11.3 7.6 13.7
 RONW (%) 5.8 4.9 5.8 5.3
 Count of Cos. 26,129 24,412 21,971 368
Non-financial Companies
 Income 4.9 1.0 5.7 9.9
 Expenses 5.0 0.3 6.1 9.2
 Net profit -8.6 19.9 20.2 8.9
 PAT margin (%) 2.0 2.4 3.0 12.1
 Net fixed assets 13.3 17.8 6.6 55.5
 Net worth 7.0 12.1 6.5 10.3
 RONW (%) 4.6 5.1 5.9 15.0
 Debt / Equity (times) 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.3
 Interest cover (times) 1.9 1.9 2.1 8.8
 Net working capital cycle (days) 66 65 62 7
 Count of Cos. 21,306 20,431 18,292 255
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 20 Jul 2018 4:05PM